When human populations can no longer live on their land, they move, migrating to better places. Sea level rise, higher temperatures, disruption of water cycles, and increasing severity of storms are climate change impacts that will force millions of people to move from their homes.
Most populations will migrate slowly, but in the case of catastrophic events coupled with the inability to adapt, mass migration will occur. Think, New Orleans vs Somalia, where New Orleans is arguably more able to adapt to catastophic weather events than Somalia, which is dealing with millions of people migrating north and west due to climate drought. This shows there are two general types of migration - very slow, and very fast. It’s not a smooth gradient pattern where people slowly and eventually move from place to place, like Americans or Europeans do. No, rather this slow/fast pace is lumpy and jagged, and occurs in unexpected spurts at the extremes.
But what of their destinations? Are countries prepared for these sporadic influxes? In other words, what about the countries that receive these migrants? Are they prepared? A new white paper, Climate Change and Migration Dynamics, funded by the European Union and published by Migration Policy, concludes that international cooperation is needed in order to respond to mass displacements that could occur from climate changes, even in the short-term.
The paper looks at it from the point of view of countries, not from the point of view of the people. From that point of view, the authors take a look at policies that would or would not allow mass migrations within the above context of extremes. The authors split countries policies into two general categories, an obstructive approach and a constructive approach.
Obstructive policies are just that - they purposefully obstruct massive amounts of people from immigrating into their political boundaries. The United States, though relatively generous, would be in this category.
Constructive countries help people maintain their livelihoods in the face of climate change. These countries accommodate climate migrants movements as necessary. New Zealand has a limited climate migration policy, allowing up to 12,000 people from the island nation of Tuvalu to migrate in case complete inundation of the islands by sea level rise. (Note: I didn’t find a country that has very accommodating migration policies, if you know of one, please contact me).
The paper is a short read - just about 10 pages. I recommend it to my adaptation readers as an excellent source of information for international issues of immigration and human responses to climate impacts.
Source: “Climate Change and Migration Dynamics" via Migration Policy
Interesting upside from the BP disaster, though from looking at the slide show, it’s not really a ‘treasure trove,’ just some junk pottery. I’m pretty grumpy, so maybe this has much more value than I can convey. Have a look and tell me what you think.
Cleanup after the BP oil spill has turned up dozens of sites where archaeologists are finding human and animal bones, pottery and primitive weapons left behind by prehistoric Indian settlements — a trove of new clues about the Gulf Coast’s mound dwellers more than 1,300 years ago. But they also fear the remains could be damaged by oil or lost to erosion before they can be fully studied.
This is in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana. Seven buckles cost LA tax-payers over $325,000. Look, state DOTs need to rethink their designs and incorporate higher heat and lower temperatures. Or, do like France and make road contractors responsible for any flaws or problems that occur to their product. This crappy work based on low state standards is too expensive, and could cost people their lives. We’ve become a nation of constant infrastructure repair, which drags down the economy like an anchor. Politicians need to get their shit together and get to work!
Jefferson Parish officials blamed seven road buckles on the heat. The phenomenon occurs when concrete panels expand in high temperatures and run out of space between them, rupturing upward and suddenly forming potentially dangerous and damaging ramps.
"It hasn’t been cooling down at night," to give the roads a break, said Randy Nicholson, Jefferson Parish streets director. "You walk out early in the morning, it’s like you’re walking into an oven."
When roads pop, Nicholson said parish crews remove the upended panels and temporarily fill the void with limestone gravel until a contractor can make the permanent fix.
Three of Jefferson Parish’s road eruptions took place along Severn Avenue in Metairie on Sunday, he said. With three lanes in each direction, Severn has more seams where concrete sheets can strain against each other, he said.
Nicholson said one of the larger upheavals on Severn might cost $30,000 to repair. Spots only involving two concrete panels cost about $10,000.
Kenner has reported responding to 23 road buckles since May 5 at a total cost to the city of $338,258.