Climate Adaptation

CLIMATE ADAPTATION

I want to punch climate change in the face. A blog about the interactions between the built environment, people, and nature.


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Government crackdown on mining protest in Peru escalates.

zoeschlanger:

A fifth person has died in this protest against the US majority-owned gold mining project, the largest-ever in Peru, that Andean people say will threaten their water supply. They have been protesting this mine for eight months now.  The past two days have seen a violent crackdown by police, led by President Humala. From Reuters:

Humala took office a year ago urging mediation to solve hundreds of disputes nationwide over natural resources, but has lost patience with protesters and has suspended civil liberties to curb demonstrations at least three times.

Oscar Valdes, who led the last violent crackdown in November while he was interior minister, has since been promoted to prime minister.

From November:

zoeschlanger:

Andean people protest against Newmont Mining’s Conga gold project during a march near the Cortada lagoon in Peru’s region of Cajamarca November 24, 2011. Peru’s prime minister on December 2, 2011, said Newmont Mining must set aside money to finance social projects and any environmental damage as a precondition for moving forward on a stalled $4.8 billion gold mine project. Opponents of Newmont Mining’s project refused to end their rallies, saying Peru must permanently cancel the proposed mine after temporarily halting work on it to avert violence. Protesters and farmers say the mine would cause pollution and hurt water supplies by replacing a string of alpine lakes with artificial reservoirs. 

According to Reuters, there are some 200 such environmental protests in Peru right now that “threaten to delay billions of dollars in planned mining and oil projects.”

The president of Peru declared a state of emergency yesterday, suspending all civil liberties to try to stop the protest that’s managed to drive out Newmont, the American company behind the $4.8 billion gold mining project.

Greenland’s ice and glaciers are melting fast, exposing ultra-rare minerals and gems deposits like no other on the entire planet. Gold, diamonds, coal, uranium, possibly oil and gas, and rare-earth metals (a very rare mineral-ore used to make cell phones) are among the many riches to be dug up.

A mining boom is about to completely change the island forever. We’re witnessing it right now. Glaciers are melting, exposing rock underneath that is packed with profits.

This means a tidal wave of money is about to crush centuries of culture, tradition, and local community. Many locals can’t wait for it to happen.

These screens are clipped from this fantastic article covering the economic boom Greenland is about to experience due to the big melt. It’s a beautifully shot video. And these pics do not do it justice. Have a look.

After you watch, I’d also like to hear what you think of this situation. Do you think mining in Greenland is a good thing? If you know Scandinavian politics, what of the possible break between Greenland and Denmark? What new goods and services will the natives and locals need in Greenland?? Click here and add your opinion/ask questions/vent/etc. I’ll do my best to answer!

“ This could be momentous for Greenland, which has long relied on half a billion dollars a year in welfare payments from Denmark, its parent state. Mining profits could help Greenland become economically self sufficient, and may someday even render it the first sovereign nation created by global warming. ”

In Mongolia, Climate Change and Mining Boom Threaten National Identity

Nearly 40 percent of Mongolians are herders whose livelihoods are irrevocably intertwined with their environment. Herding has been an economic and cultural mainstay of rural life since the days of Genghis Khan. Children as young as five race horses for miles across open grassland in the Naadam, Mongolia’s annual national festival. The winning jockeys are celebrated and the winning horses idolized. Mongolia’s reverence for its nomadic roots extends all the way to its 20-year-old constitution, which enshrines livestock as “national wealth” to be protected by the state. But today, the livelihoods of families reliant on grazing livestock are under threat from a climate that is becoming increasingly harsh and unpredictable. Mongolia is feeling the effects of climate change “perhaps more rapidly than any other place in the world,” proclaimed the vice chairman of parliament this year. Desertification is driving the Gobi Desert to expand by 10,000 square kilometers every year – enough to fit the state of Delaware two times over. Compounded by increasingly harsh winter storms, the changing climate is driving herders to relocate to Ulan Bator and other cities in search of better opportunities. That migration is adding to sprawling slums, cook stove-driven air pollution, and a public health crisis that the president himself has called a “disaster.” These changes are set to have a uniquely powerful impact on a national identity that is interwoven with the herding tradition.

Via NewSecurity

First Chinese ship crosses Arctic Ocean amid record melt

This is a true game-changer. The arctic is doomed.

The voyage highlights how China, the world’s no.2 economy, is extending its reach to the Arctic which is rich in oil and gas and is a potential commercial shipping route between the north Atlantic and Pacific oceans.

The icebreaker Xuelong, or Snow Dragon, arrived in Iceland this week after sailing the Northern Route along the coast of Russia.

Expedition leader Huigen Yang, head of the Polar Research Institute of China, said he had expected a lot more ice along the route at this time of year than the vessel encountered.

"To our astonishment … most part of the Northern Sea Route is open," he told Reuters TV. The icebreaker would return to China by a route closer to the North Pole.

He said that Beijing was interested in the “monumental change” in the polar environment caused by global warming.

Reuters

"What were we supposed to do?" police ask after massacring platinum mining protestors with assualt rifles

Police officers shredded mining protesters with assault rifles, killing nearly twenty people. Reuters posted a (warning: very graphic) video of the killings earlier today. The incident happened in South Africa near a mine that produces the metal platinum. Workers have been protesting since January, demanding safer working conditions and better pay.

A police spokesperson blundered through an interview with the local South African press - a press, it must be added, that has shown no interest in the protesters’ demands or plight.

The article is a must be read to be believed:

News24 South Africa report: “What were we supposed to do?

HOLY MOLY!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Police shred mining protestors with assault rifles. Very graphic. Unimaginable incompetence.

reuters:

South African police open fire on striking miners at Lonmin’s Marikana platinum mine, leaving several bloodied corpses lying on the ground. 

A Reuters cameraman says he saw at least seven bodies after the shooting, which occurred when police laying out barricades of barbed wire were outflanked by some of an estimated 3,000 miners massed on a rocky outcrop near the mine, northwest of Johannesburg.

(Warning: Graphic content)

Watch on YouTube | More from Reuters TV

How cool is this! And it’s threatened by Pebble Mine, a proposed gold and copper mine that would be the biggest in the world. The National Resources Defense Council is kicking their ass, but they need your help.

nrdc:

Add this to your list of cool things we didn’t previously know about nature: Scientists working in the Wood River watershed of Southwest Alaska found that salmon play an important role in pollinating a flowering plant.  How?  Kneeling angelica, a 3-6 foot streamside plant, has evolved to bloom about a week after salmon return to a stream to spawn, at which point many of the salmon die or are consumed by bears and other critters.  Blowflies, who pollinate the flowers by swarming the blooms, then lay eggs in the decomposing carcasses of the salmon.  Those larvae emerge as adults the following year just in time to pollinate the flowers again.

Read more in Sylvia Fallon’s blog: Watching the river flow - the complex effect of stream variability on Bristol Bay’s wildlife

Pebble Mine could potentially devastate the ecology of this region, and is simply not a risk worth taking. Learn more and take action at www.stoppebble.org.

Photo: Wood River, Alaska. USGS.

Photograph of trees stained and forest floor killed by a massive aluminum chemical spill in Ajka forest, Hungary. There is a book about the spill, here.

Protestors march against a US gold mine in Peru.

thepeoplesrecord:

Activists murdered and detained during Peru protest

July 05, 2012

At least three people have been killed and 20 injured during clashes between security forces and demonstrators protesting a planned US$4.8 billion gold mine by US-based Newmont in northern Peru.

A 17-year-old was among those dead, and 15 people were also arrested at the Conga mining project, Cajamarca region prosecutor Esperanza Leon told RPP radio.

More than 1,000 protesters threw stones at government offices in the town of Celendin, and police responded by firing tear gas and using their batons to disperse the crowd, local media reported.

During the scuffle, two police officers were wounded by “guns fired by protesters who were trying to take over Celendin,” the interior ministry said in a statement. It accused the demonstrators of committing “criminal acts.”

The Peruvian government declared a state of emergency in Cajamarca, suspending freedom of assembly, the inviolability of the home and freedom of movement. It also mobilized the military to support police operations.

Source

roadsandkingdoms:

Monday in the mine: Gold miners form a human chain to toss large rocks out of a new pit mine near the aborted Myitsone Dam project in northern Burma. In order to force local Kachin villagers to relocate from the dam area, the Myanmar government outlawed private gold mining, instead giving the mining concessions in the area to outside companies. These miners are neither locals nor ethnic Kachins, just miners from other parts of the country brought in to work.

Read more about the Myitsone Dam project and its workers, from the R&K backfiles

Canadian gold mining company asks government to ignore aboriginal "spirituality" and culture while reviewing mining permits

They’ll probably win their request. They also ask the Canadian government to ban prayers and children’s plays at public hearings. The mining company states that permit review should only include “objective facts.” They have a point.

A new federal environmental review panel “does not have any right to attribute significance to the spirituality of a place per se,” wrote Taseko Mines Ltd. president Russell Hallbauer in a letter obtained under the Access to Information Act and provided to The Vancouver Sun by B.C. independent provincial representative Bob Simpson.

Last year, the mining company was denied a mining permit. The company went to court to force the government to reconsider the permit, but lost. But, all is not lost for the poor mining company! In addition to weakening the permit review standards, which take native Indian rights into consideration, they’re lobbying the Canadian government to change federal environmental laws all together. After the lawsuit was lost, and the company lobbied some more, the Canadian government will now allow review of a revised permit application.

Stephen Harper’s government is acceptingly being sodomized by oil, gas, and mining companies, which means that the Canadian government is not just gutting environmental laws, it’s obliterating them. The mining company will eventually win their permit to mine for gold and copper - they’ll just have to plant some trees and hire a few natives.

To my mind, this mess reveals major weaknesses of Canada’s progressive voters, environmental activists, and environmental lobbyists. As a result of this disorganization, environmental laws in Canada are bought and sold on the free market right under everyone’s noses.