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Posts tagged "NOAA"

Drought is flexing it’s summer muscles. Late summer rains will help.

Have you seen Senator Sheldon Whitehouse’s take down of  Senator Jim Inhofe?

Tropical Storm Arthur. Might flip to a hurricane tomorrow. Via The Vane and NOAA Hurricane Center.

Asker Anonymous Asks:
this may be a silly question to ask, but I've always been curious - with all of the changing focus that people have had, though not everybody obviously, in education and changing practices, adoption of renewable energy and increasingly eco-friendly technologies.. is there no proof anywhere that we've been making at least a little difference? have things just seriously been skyrocketing so badly despite these little changes we see here and there?
climateadaptation climateadaptation Said:

Hey Anon,

Little to no proof. In fact, based on the evidence, the opposite is true - countries are using more resources than ever before. New technologies have barely made a difference. See here: World Energy Outlook.

US government observations agree there’s been no difference (Source):


See also here, where the IEA states emissions will rise exponetinally regardless of efforts to switch.



Aaaaand here we go again… Next week’s forecast…

Asker Anonymous Asks:
How did they know the global average temperature in 1880? -a curious science follower
climateadaptation climateadaptation Said:

Hey anon,

Great question! Simplest answer: thermometers. Simple instruments such as thermometers and barometers have been used for centuries. Governments began to collect data from these instruments beginning in the early 1700s. (There are early data sets, but these focused on local or route specific locations rather than globally. For example, shipping companies collected ocean temperatures during the 1600s along specific routes to report conditions to insurance companies.).

The old-school instruments were placed in locations all around the world (locations ranged from trees, church steeples and clocks, tall poles, cliff faces, to just stuck in the ground). Governments collected the temperatures typically for military, farming, and shipping purposes.

The U.S. Weather Bureau, established in 1735, was sporadically managed by a few individual states (rather than the Federal Government). The bureau collected local information - not global.

In 1814, the U.S. Federal Government established the U.S.’s first nation wide weather service. Army doctors and ‘war’ hospitals were instructed to keep diaries of local weather. But, again, this was not a global system.

In 1870, President Ulysses Grant established the U.S. National Weather Service (NWS):

The beginning of the National Weather Service we know today started on February 9th, 1870, when President Ulysses S. Grant signed a joint resolution of Congress authorizing the Secretary of War to establish a national weather service. This resolution required the Secretary of War:

to provide for taking meteorological observations at the military stations in the interior of the continent and at other points in the States and Territories…and for giving notice on the northern (Great) Lakes and on the seacoast by magnetic telegraph and marine signals, of the approach and force of storms

After much thought and consideration, it was decided that this agency would be placed under the Secretary of War because military discipline would probably secure the greatest promptness, regularity, and accuracy in the required observations. Via NOAA

The NWS worked internationally. It collected data from its own instruments, and also from data shared by other countries, such as Denmark, France, India, and the U.K.

The NWS’s information was collected over time, and digitized into big data sets. These sets are used today!

The chart below shows temperature data over 1,000 years. (NOTE: This chart is from wikipedia entry “Temperature record of the past 1,000 years." I do not endorse this chart. I’m posting for illustrative purposes to help answer anon’s question about records from 1880).

Note the black line (far right). It shows collected instrument data from 1850 to 2004. Data prior to 1850 is collected by climate proxies.


Finally, if you’re interested, you can read about the weather data sets collected in the 1850s. This paper, Uncertainty estimates in regional and global observed temperature changes: a new dataset from 1850, covers the history of that data, as well as issues with using it in modern climate models.

Hope that helps!



This map shows significant climate anomalies and events that occurred in 2013. It’s from NOAA’s State of Climate: Global Analysis - Annual 2013 report, available free here.

NASA and NOAA co-presentation on global temperatures in 2013. While these scientific organizations use differing techniques to measure climatic trends, both conclude that 2013 was among the hottest top 10 years on record. The presentation is available free, here.


Some tragic tornadoes this year, but on track for record low count, overall. Keep track via @NWSSPC.

"Very strong" Typhoon Francisco. Doesn’t look like it will track to Fukushima, Japan.

This huge algal bloom in Lake Erie (that’s Detroit up there) broke out during government shutdown was not being tracked. The federal shutdown closed NOAA monitoring of unexpected health hazard. Read more at Sandusky Register